miércoles, 5 de febrero de 2020

The authomation promises to save water for the banana harvest



MARCAVELICA, Peru – Samán Sector’s organic banana growers seem to face two troubles: the lack of mobile coverage, that leads them to depend on an only operator for making business, and the uncertainty in field parameters those allow them to correct aspects like the irrigation, the fertilization, and even the harvest time. In both cases, their competitiveness is very vulnerable.


However, a bunch of seven just graduated engineers from Sullana and Piura could have a technological solution that, at least, solves the field parameters uncertainty issue, specifically the irrigation, by installing sensors connected under web architecture throughout the acres, promising greater productiveness and quality, and optimizing costs.


The entrepreneurship is called HidroDatos (HydroData in English), that is also the name given to the system, consisting to measure key indicators as the humidity, the relative (water steam pressure at a specific temperature) as well as the soil’s, as well as the air temperature in the same estate where the system is installed.


“If the soil humidity is too low, the growing of plants will be seen compromised – if the humidity is too high or too low, losing quality reduces the price of crops sales and increases growing costs, what reduces gains,” they affirm. “If the air is extremely dry, but the substratum has enough water, the plant can wither, and, unless the humidity raises, the plant could die.”


If the air is very wet, the plant does not absorbe much water from the substratum, what ends to feed it bad. In consequence, the plants wither, grow weakly, stunt, get much ill, the leaves do not grow enough, and the harvest levels can fall down.


HidroDatos promises to notify authomatically when and how much is necessary to irrigate by a warning ssent to the smartphone or computer connected to the Internet, what means access everywhere in the world, plus logging in all the parameters on real time, so anticipating the necessary preventive actions .


All the sensorrs are geo-located by a GPS system, are customized according to the needs of the estate, and fed with electricity taken from solar panels plugged to a battery, that assures to work 24 hours a day. All the datacasting is made by a wireless system 3300-feet range around, if the field is flat. It also offers back-ups and the whole information is accessible on LCD screen interfases.


Unlike government’s or online weather forecast services, what the system does is specializing on the microclimate of each estate: “That’s why the data are most accurate,” HidroDatos’ leader and mechanic-electric engineer Julio Salinas explains. In that sense, the timely information allows to save water for irrigation, increases productiveness, reduces costs. It also provides historical graphics those ease to forecast the trend of each cropping in every estate, especially if the weather conditions become worst.


Salinas explains that installing HidroDatos in 2.5 acres can cost at least US$ 3030, investment that could be profitable in two campaigns or after a year. Comparing to other systems in other growing zones of Latin America, this is the cheapest one, totally manufactured in Piura Region although the individual components are imported.


However, the engineer admits that one of the problems is the conectiveness to wireless Internet, that for the moment in Samán, where they have a sample system, depends on one only mobile operator. Otherwise, HidroDatos offers much versatility with any crop.


Samán is a sector in Chira Valley, Piura Region, which mostly grows banana for exportation, but it has been historically known by the rice. Other crops in the zone are sugarcane and grapes.


Chira’sbananas are mainly exported to the United States and Western Europe, where each unit costs around one dollar and a dollar and a half. Salinas states that including HidroDatos in growing process would not become expensive the product. Rather, it could offer a fruit gotten with greater eco-friendly standards for the final consumer, as the water saving and the use of clean energy. The flavor, obviously, is goin to be the same. It will be matter to try.

La automatización promete ahorrar agua para cosechar banano



MARCAVELICA, Piura – Los productores de banano orgánicodel sector Samán parecen enfrentarse a dos problemas: la escasa cobertura celular, que les lleva a depender de un solo operador para hacer negocios, y la incertidumbre en los parámetros de campo que les permitan corregir aspectos como el riego, la fertilización o incluso el momento de la cosecha. En ambos casos, su competitividad es muy vulnerable.


Sin embargo, un grupo de siete ingenieros sullaneros y piuranos, recién graduados, podría tener una solución tecnológica que al menos resuelva el asunto de la incertidumbre de los parámetros de campo, específicamente el riego, instalando sensores conectados mediante arquitectura web a través de las parcelas, prometiendo  mayor productividad y calidad, y optimizando costos.


El emprendimiento se llama HidroDatos, que es el nombre que también se le ha dado al sistema, consistente en medir indicadores clave como la humedad, tanto la relativa (presión del vapor de agua a una temperatura determinada) como la del suelo, así como la temperatura del ambiente en la misma parcela donde el sistema esté instalado.


 “Si la humedad del suelo es demasiado baja, elcrecimiento de las plantas se verá comprometido;si la humedad es muy alta o muy baja, la pérdida decalidad reduce el precio de venta de los cultivos y aumenta los costos de producción, lo que reduce lasganancias”, afirman.”Si el aire es extremadamente seco, pero el sustrato tiene suficiente agua, la planta se puede marchitar y, a menos que la humedad aumente, la planta podría morir”.


Si el aire es muy húmedo, la planta no absorbe mucho agua del sustrato, lo que termina por nutrirla mal. En consecuencia, las plantas se marchitan, crecen débilmente, se atrofian, enferman más, las hojas no crecen lo suficiente, y los niveles de cosecha pueden desplomarse.


HidroDatos promete avisar automáticamente cuándo y cuánto es necesario regar, mediante una notificación al celular inteligente o computadora conectados a Internet, lo que significa acceso desde cualquier lugar del mundo, además de ingresar a todos los parámetros en tiempo real, y de ese modo anticipar las acciones preventivas que hagan falta.


Todos los sensores están georreferenciados mediante sistema GPS, se personalizan según las necesidades de la parcela, y se alimentan con electricidad tomada de paneles solares conectados a una batería, que aseguran su funcionamiento las 24 horas. Toda la transmisión de datos se realiza mediante un sistema inalámbrico con alcance de un kilómetro a la redonda siempre que sea campo abierto. También ofrece copias de respaldo y toda la información es accesible mediante interfaces en pantallas de cristal líquido.


A diferencia de los servicios depronóstico del clima gubernamentales o existentes por Internet, lo que el sistema hace es especializarse en el microclima de cada parcela; “por ello, los datos son mucho más precisos”, explica el ingeniero mecánico-eléctrico Julio Salinas, líder de HidroDatos.


En ese sentido, la información oportuna permite ahorrar agua para riego, aumentar la productividad, y reducir costes. Además, ofrece gráficas históricas que permiten estudiar y pronosticar el comportamiento de cada cultivo en cada parcela, especialmente si las condiciones meteorológicas se vuelven adversas.


Salinas explica que instalarHidroDatos en una hectárea puede costar al menos 3030 dólares, inversión que podría recuperarse en dos campañas o luego de un año. Respecto de otros sistemas instalados en otras zonas productoras de América Latina, éste es el más barato, de manufactura totalmente piurana, aunque los componentes individuales son importados.


Sin embargo, el ingeniero reconoce que uno de los problemas es la conectividad a la Internet inalámbrica que por ahora en Samán, donde tienen un sistema de demostración, depende de una sola operadora celular. A cambio, HidroDatos ofrece mucha versatilidad con cualquier cultivo.


Samán es un sector del valle del Chira, en el departamento de Piura ,que produce mayormente banano para exportación, pero ha sido históricamente conocido por su arroz. Otros cultivos en la zona son la caña de azúcar y la vid.


El banano del Chira se exporta principalmente a los Estados Unidos y  Europa Occidental, donde cada unidad cuesta alrededor de un dólar a un dólar y medio. Salinas afirma que incluir HidroDatos en el proceso de producción no encarecería el producto y, al contrario, le ofrecería al consumidor final, un fruto obtenido con mayores estándares ecoamigables, como el ahorro del agua y el uso de energías limpias. El sabor, obviamente, seguirá siendo el mismo. Será cuestión de probar.

sábado, 1 de febrero de 2020

Women and military promoted culture during 2019 in Piura

Piura’s Disconcentered Culture Board (DDC as its acronyme in Spanish) has recognized the cultural characters of the region, who worked during 2019 by including the community  through the conservation and validation of cultural patrimony, strengthening the cultural identity, and promoting the diversity and intercultural dialogue.


Cultural Patrimony
  • Rear Admiral César Morales Huerta-Mercado: From his position as Commander of Peru’s 1st Navy Zone has launched the signing up of Casa Museo Grau in National System of Public Museums, as well as signing up the cultural collection of that museum in the National List of Cultural Real Estate.
  • Pina Zúñiga de Riofrío: Because her most recent publishing Memory of An Effort – San Lucas de Colán’s Church, what tells the work made restoring one of the oldest Catholic temples at Southern Pacific.
  • Re-validating Piura’s Monumental Zone Programme: Its goal is releasing the cultural, artistic, and historical values of this important downtown, founded in 1588. The characters who made posible this initiative are Piura DDC Historical Real Estate and Patrimony Technical Unit’s Architect Cinthya Cotlear León, Piura Province Municipality’s Culture Manager Giovanna Biso Rojas, iPerú’s Regional Assistant in Piura Ángelo Pérez Antón, Piura Archdiocese Archive’s  Official Historian Yanina Correa Gutiérrez, Piura University History and Cultural Management Academic Programme’s Principal Laura Albornoz Neyra, Piura Alliance FranÇaise’s Director Nail Munigglia, Alas Peruanas Institute’s Tourism Guide Maryouri Antón, and Grupo Patio’s Jéssica Lescano.



Arts and Cultural Industries
  • Division General Walter Córdova Alemán: As Senior Commander of Peruvian Army’s 1st Division organized the 1st Contest of Short Narration, Poems, and Wallpaints called Talented Soldiers, Successful Men, moving troops for discovering or highlighting their artistic talent.
  • Silvia Mendoza Gálvez: Because of managing the 1st Inter-School Contest of Literarian Analysis and Performing Poem called Piura’s Culture to Build Citizenship from habitual poems.
  • Korillacta Foundation: Because of its work by promoting the reading among children and youth of the region.



Interculturality
    • Ana Castillo Campos: The Labor Regional Board’s Director of Labor and Proffessional Training had no doubt to join the African-Peruvian population of Yapatera and Morropón Communities in Labor Fairs she develops from the institution. Those actions were executed framing the Regional Technical Board of African-Peruvian Population’s Development Plan (Plandepa, as its acronyme in Spanish) in Piura.


Mujeres y militares promovieron la cultura durante 2019 en Piura

La  Dirección Desconcentrada de Cultura (DDC) de Piura ha reconocido a los personajes culturales del departamento, que durante 2019 trabajaron incluyendo a la comunidad mediante la conservación y puesta en valor del patrimonio cultural, fortaleciendo la identidad cultural y promoviendo la diversidad y el diálogo intercultural.


Patrimonio Cultural
  • Contralmirante César Morales Huerta-Mercado: Desde su puesto como comandante de la Primera Zona Naval del Perú ha impulsado la inscripción de la Casa Museo Grau en el Sistema Nacional de Museos del Estado, así como la inscripción de la colección cultural del mencionado museo en el Registro Nacional de Bienes Culturales Muebles.
  • Pina Zúñiga de Riofrío: Por su más reciente publicación Memoria de un esfuerzo. Iglesia San Lucas de Colán, en la que narra el trabajo realizado para restaurar uno de los templos católicos más antiguos del Pacífico Sur.
  • Programa Revalorando la Zona Monumental de Piura: Su objetivo es difundir los valores culturales, artísticos e históricos de este importante núcleo urbano que data de 1588. Los personajes que hicieron posible esta iniciativa son la arquitecta Cinthya Cotlear León, de la Unidad Técnica de Patrimonio Histórico Inmueble de la DDC Piura; Giovanna Bisso Rojas, gerente de Cultura de la Municipalidad Provincial de Piura; Ángelo Pérez Antón, asistente regional de iPerú en Piura; la historiadora Yanina Correa Gutiérrez, responsable del Archivo Arzobispal de Piura; Laura Albornoz Neyra, directora del Programa Académico de Historia y Gestión Cultural de la Universidad de Piura; Naïl Muniglia, director de la Alianza Francesa de Piura; Maryouri Antón, guía de Turismo del Instituto Alas Peruanas y Jessica Lescano, del Grupo Patio.



Artes e Industrias Culturales
  • General de División Walter Córdova Alemán: Como comandante General de la Primera División del Ejército Peruano organizó el I Concurso de Narrativa Corta, Poemas y Murales Soldados Talentosos, Hombres Exitosos, movilizando a la tropa para descubrir o destacar su talento artístico.
  • Silvia Mendoza Gálvez: Por haber gestado el I Concurso Interescolar de Análisis Literario y Declamación Cultura Piurana para la Construcción de Ciudadanía, a partir de poemas costumbristas.
  • Fundación Korillacta: Por su ardua labor en el fomento de la lectura entre los niños y jóvenes de la región.



Interculturalidad

  • Ana Castillo Campos: La  directora de Empleo y Formación Profesional de la Dirección Regional de Trabajo no dudó en integrar a la población afroperuana de las comunidades de Yapatera y Morropón en las ferias laborales que desarrolla desde su institución. Estas acciones fueron ejecutadas en el marco de la Mesa Técnica Regional del Plan de Desarrollo para la Población Afroperuana (Plandepa) de Piura.

miércoles, 27 de noviembre de 2019

EDCT – A Global Educational Ecosystem



“The teachers  must remember they’re educating for life,” Proffessor María Elena Gracia underlines. She is a specialist in training, study plan design, and educational management with the Technological University of Chile’s INACAP. “And educating for life means to teach our students to solve practical problems and prepare them for continuing to learn,” she explains.


The master-ddegree proffessor and graduated teacher on Castilian Language at reputated universities in the South-American country speaks firmly on her conceptions but tender on her directions, an attitude that catches the attention of her colleagues instantaneously.


Mrs Gracia was in Sullana, Peru, holding a conference in November 18th and workshops in Piura, Peru, between November 20th to 23rd mainly addressed to teachers and Education students with the purpose of exploring the benefits of critic and creative thinking in the classroom. “Our challenge as teachers is teaching our students to think, for they not to fear finding different ways to solve problems, and we can’t say which way is better or worst but to integrate all those ways to build learning,” the professor comments as she gets ready for addressing her colleagues.


The visit of María Elena Gracia is one of the training activities organized by EducatecNorte (EDCT), a Sullana-based little company which purpose is to promote the occupational formation and the continuous professional improvement, focused on powering and updating the skills of people in their jobs.


Established in 2017, EDCT has been focused initially on teaching sector, and it projects to enlarge its products and services to other proffessions and occupations in the mid-term, under the aegis of the transformating education. “It’s about to acquire new learnings for your life into the environment where you are developing it, even the adequate conditions get provided,” its manager David Piedra Córdova defines.


Transformating Education
The reason why EDCT has started to train and update teachers is because Piedra, as well as his partner  Araceli Montero Carcelén, are teachers too and specialists in training, and they found one day that the educational trends globally needed to step forward, or beside at least, from the advances of knowledge and technology worldwide.


Then, they conceived their work model as a kind of mycro-universe, and they are developing the conception of global educational ecosystem now. “We say it’s an ecosystem because each component in our learning process interacts each one another, meaning you don’t learn monothematically, but sometimes one only event can generate different lessons,” Piedra explains.


“And when you set up those learnings into an educational experience that works into your nearest as well as around-the-world environment, then we tag it as functional and global,” Montero adds.


Both teachers are convinced not only about the power of in-person formative activities but they also believe in the power of new technologies to spread the message that can develop or discover inside a room, what became them to implement a virtual classroom available on its website, www.educatecnorte.org


“When we started, we addressed first to our colleagues in Sullana or piura, but awhen we entered the Internet, participants from other parts where we never were presentially began to appear, such as Arequipa, Cajamarca, or outside Peru, still,” Piedra comments.


Expansion to other proffessional fields
Recently, EDCT has offered intense update workshops for teachers who were to pass the upgrade or undeffinitive contract evaluation inside the Teaching Public Career, the Peruvian system for economic promotions to the ones efforting to perfectionate beyond their first diploma. “These are exhausting journeys,” Montero points out. “But the results are satisfactory and many colleagues get very thankful because of the job we have done.” Also, they are sharing constantly news regarding the educational agenda on their Facebook fanpage.


Now, they are beginning to seek other professional areas as the public health or the business management to find updating demands their workers have and make activities resulting them attractive and advantageous. Inclusive, they have begun to build partnerships with other organizations to enlarge its impact and certify the achievement of the people trained in their ecosystem.


In fact, the workshops they didwith teachers are endorsed by the Piura’s Regional Bureau of Education, and based upon that successful work, they hope to ally with other professional academies and government bureaus, or colleges for making possible their dream, keeping the same work charisma – hard learning, affective processes.


Learn to think, caring the environment
The other EDCT accent is promoting the critic and creative thinking through all its activities, beginning from teaching/learning processes in the classroom. So, it is guarantee it has born from the criteria diversity put to talk respectfully, constructively, instead than a rigid conception to be learned literally, and addressing to efficience and innovation as the most adequate state-of-the-art. “Largerly, newly is how we are going to evolve as nearby and global society,” Araceli Montero speaks.


But EDCT also feels to have a very strong commitment with the real environment where the learning processes are built, so in that sense it wants to give a very special emphases to environmental education, not only inside the classroom but at the level of the community we see face-to-face and that another one we contact on the social media. “It’s about offering the new generations the choice to enjoy healthy environments still, where they can continue the generation of knowledge,” David Piedra sustains.


“The education, as every human knowledge field, if it doesn’t have a sustainability criterion, it shall not find new spaces where continuing to grow, improve, and generate welfare for the whole humankind,” Montero closures.


The good is EDCT has already nursed a seed in the first target it serves, the teachers, and now, many Piedra-&-Montero’s colleagues are constantly asking for upcoming events, or which new training they are designing. That motivates them to grow and prove that, even at the educational level, it is possible to build entrepreneurships with much mystic and global projection. And the first blossoms of that seed, despite Little, are breaking out strong.

martes, 12 de noviembre de 2019

The tolerance to trash goes under proof

SULLANA CITY, Peru – The people who walked  in the evening of November 10th at the Main Square got surprised when a bunch of studs with banners on their t-shirts, with the #nolaensucies (“don’t get it dirty” in English) hashtag, began to collect the trash found in the gardens around the traditional pond – Could be they municipal employees?  Could they belong to any NGO?  What kind of activism could it be?


The answer is they belong to the Marketing & Companies Management’s 1st Cycle at Piura’s César Vallejo University (UCV as its acronyme in Spanish) who submitted the attendance to a kind of social lab for having first imppressions before the fact of throwing trash or seeing the already existent one at a public space, and the reactions have been mixed, from the full indifference to the fact that many persons recorded  them with their cellphones or even they took selfies.


The flashmob-format activity consisted in four dudes gathering the trash, followed by other two with posters where “Is this the Sullana that you want?” can be read leading a collage created with the own gathered trash at the Main Square during 7 days of observation, and the #nolaensucies hashtag as a footer, the UCV’s students Francesco Navarrete and Nicolás Silva explained.


“It left me a big impression because the people of Sullana is very indifferent to the fact of the pollution in their own city,” Silva commented. “But I hope that due to our work, we get some awareness  in them.” In his side, Navarrete ranked the experience as “very good” because it is a way to educate the people about the problem “and a thing I noticed is we reached to persons from different procedence in one only space,” the student stressed.


“I think we have to repeat it and continuing to fight for a clean city,” he astated.  The activation was recorded on video for both studs to analyse the reactions of the persons, so they can have more judgement elements at the time to measure the possible impact, and planning which following actions-to-ddo may be.


Although #nolaensucies  is, in the beginning, an academic project, its promoters did not discard to make new interventions in other spaces of the city, but they declined to reveal which ones and when they will be to guarantee the surprise factor. They only teased  they will look for those ones where there is a lot of attendance, and they requested  other people to summon by using the hashtag, replying the experience in their own communities.

La tolerancia a la basura es puesta a prueba

CIUDAD DE SULLANA – La gente que paseaba el domingo 10 al anochecer en la Plaza de Armas quedó sorprendida cuando un grupo de jóvenes con carteles en sus camisetas con la etiqueta #nolaensucies comenzó a recoger la basura que se encontraba en los jardines alrededor de la pileta: ¿serán empleados de la municipalidad? ¿acaso pertenecerán a alguna ONG? ¿a qué grupo juvenil pertenecerán?


La respuesta es que se trataba de estudiantes del I ciclo de la escuela de Marketing y Dirección de Empresas de  la Universidad César Vallejo (UCV) de Piura quienes sometieron a la concurrencia a una especie de laboratorio social para capturar primeras impresiones ante el hecho de tirar basura o ver la ya existente en un espacio público, y las reacciones han sido mixtas, desde la indiferencia total hasta el hecho que varias personas les grabaron con sus celulares y hasta se tomaron selfies.


La actividad en formato flashmob consistió en que cuatro jóvenes recogían la basura, seguidos de otros dos con carteles en donde se podía leer “¿Esta es la Sullana que quieres?” encabezando un collage creado con la propia basura recogida en la Plaza de Armas durante siete días de observación, y al pie la etiqueta #nolaensucies, explicaron los estudiantes Francesco Navarrete y Nicolás Silva, de la UCV.


Me dejó una impresión grande ya que el pueblo de Sullana es muy indiferente hacia el tema de lo que es la contaminación de su propia ciudad” comentó Silva. “pero espero que gracias a nuestro trabajo logremos algo de consciencia en ellos”. Por su parte Navarrete calificó la experiencia como “muy buena porque es un modo de educar a la población sobre el problema, “y una cosa que noté es que llegamos a personas de diferente procedencia en un solo espacio”, anotó el estudiante.


“Pienso que tenemos que repetirla y seguir luchando por tener una ciudad limpia”, afirmó Navarrete. La activación ha sido grabada en video para que ambos universitarios analicen las reacciones de las personas y puedan tener mayores elementos de juicio a la hora de medir el posible impacto y programar cuáles serían las siguientes acciones que se pueden realizar.



Aunque #nolaensucies es, en principio, un proyecto académico, sus organizadores no descartaron realizar nuevas intervenciones en otros espacios de la ciudad, pero declinaron revelar cuáles y en qué momento serán para garantizar el factor sorpresa; solo adelantaron que buscarán aquéllos donde exista una gran concurrencia de población y pidieron que otras personas se sumen usando el hashtag replicando la experiencia en sus propias comunidades.